Herpes Simplex viruses or more commonly known as herpes have two types: herpes type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes type 2 (HSV-2). Herpes type 1 is the cause of sores around the mouth and the lips. A person with HSV-2, however, may have sores around the genitals and rectum. Although at times, it may occur in different locations, they are usually found in places below the waist.
Herpes type 1 is transmitted through oral secretions. It can spread through kissing or sharing of toothbrushes or eating utensils. On the other hand, a person can get herpes type 2 through sexual intercourse with a person who is infected with the virus. Both types of herpes simplex viruses can spread even though sores are not existing.
Herpes simplex virus will normally appear as blisters around the mouth, genitals, or rectum. These blisters usually break out and leave tender sores. Herpes simplex can be diagnosed with lab tests like DNA tests and virus cultures.
Herpes simplex virus doesn't quite disappear because cure is yet uncertain, except for treatments to relieve pain from the blisters or to reduce the outbreaks. Most people with blister outbreaks sometimes suffer from a burning feeling in the genitals, and difficulty when urinating. Once a person gets the virus, it already remains in his body and may become latent, but can become active again when triggered.